Our sustainable development framework is designed to drive and shape a consistent approach to social and environmental trends across all our operations, whilst at the same time giving each country the flexibility to make the outcomes relevant to their local circumstances.
We believe that steel is the only major material group today that can meet tomorrow’s challenge of a fully circular economy. Steel’s recyclability is unmatched by any other major material group. Today, up to 85-90% of steel products are recovered at their end of life and recycled to produce new steel. The magnetic properties of steel make it easy to segregate from other materials, so whereas other materials are often downcycled, steel retains all of its original properties, making it stand out as one of the most easily recycled materials.
The steel-making process also creates a wide range of by-products such as slag and sludges, dust, waste gases, and heat and steam. These by-products are captured, and either used in our own processes or in other industrial processes. For example, blast furnace slag can be used in cement, in the production of stonewool (a fire retardant and insulator) or in glass-making. Other slag by-products can be used as fertiliser or in road construction. And the waste gases from various stages in the steelmaking process are either reused internally or used to generate energy – often for surrounding communities once we've met the needs of our own operations.
Even today, there are fewer CO2 emissions embedded in the production of steel in many applications in comparison with other materials. For example, in the automotive sector, for the structural ‘body-in-white’ of a vehicle, the CO2 emissions associated with an automotive part made of advanced high strength steel are less than half of those associated with an equivalent aluminium automotive part, and less than a third of those associated with a part made of carbon fibre reinforced plastic.
On the automotive side, S-in motion® is a set of steel solutions developed by ArcelorMittal for carmakers who wish to create lighter, safer, and more environmentally friendly vehicles. It includes a range of steel solutions that can be implemented today to design eco-friendly vehicles at the most affordable cost. As for electromobility, our iCARe® range enables the efficient generation, storage, and use of energy in electrical powertrains.
Steel is also particularly well suited to sustainable construction. Strong, lightweight, easy to form and assemble, steel reduces the environmental impact of construction at all stages of a building’s lifecycle. And at the end of the building’s life, the steel it contains can be 100% recycled to create new steel.
ResponsibleSteel™ is the industry’s first global multi-stakeholder standard and certification initiative, which ArcelorMittal has played a key role in founding. ArcelorMittal Europe – Flat Products is aiming to secure ResponsibleSteel™ certification for all its sites in 2020. This certification will enable each ArcelorMittal site to demonstrate that our production processes meet rigorously defined standards across a broad range of social, environmental and governance criteria, including:
In 2020, ResponsibleSteel™ will extend its program to include requirements for the raw materials supply chain.
More info here: https://www.responsiblesteel.org/
REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals) is a regulation of the European Union entered into force on 1 June 2007. It was adopted to improve the protection of human health and the environment from the risks that can be posed by chemicals, while enhancing the competitiveness of the EU chemicals industry. It also promotes alternative methods for the hazard assessment of substances in order to reduce the number of tests on animals.
ArcelorMittal leads the registration of elemental and pig iron for the steel industry and other stakeholders. We are proud to have successfully submitted the joint part of the registration dossier during the summer of 2010; our affiliated companies have also notified to the European Classification and Labelling Inventory all relevant substances as foreseen by the CLP regulation.
In 2012, ArcelorMittal launched a new organic coated steel collection entitled simply Nature. Entirely recyclable, the Nature collection is a sustainable organic coated steel product line, delivered with coatings and surface treatments free of hexavalent chromium and heavy metals (lead or hexavalent chromium complex).
In 2015, we have suppressed lead in all our flat products galvanisation lines, anticipating again on harsher restrictions under the European RoHS regulation (for domestic appliances and other EEEs). In 2004, ahead of the ELV (for automotive) regulation, we suppressed hexavalent chromium-based passivation in all our automotive processes.
Today all our products are REACH, RoHS and ELV compliant.
Furthermore, we continue to invest in R&D programs with our providers concerning the surface treatment and painting matters, in order to constantly be ahead of the new regulations.
All useful documents related to REACH are available on this site at https://industry.arcelormittal.com/sustainability
Additional information, such as the REACH updated candidate list is available on request at https://industry.arcelormittal.com/getintouch
ArcelorMittal Climate Action Report explains how steel is made today, what our carbon challenge is, how it can be successfully addressed and what policies and support are required to make this possible.
You can download it here
ArcelorMittal Europe has developed a CO2 roadmap to reduce emissions by 30% by 2030. The target, for ArcelorMittal Europe – Flat Products, is in line with group’s ambition to be carbon neutral in Europe by 2050.
The roadmap to achieve the 30% target is based on three distinct pathways that have the potential to deliver a significant reduction in carbon emissions, including:
Initiatives and technologies underway or to be implemented at the different sites include:
ArcelorMittal supports the European Commission’s Green Deal, and believes the right market mechanisms are a critical part of enabling the deployment of low-emissions steelmaking. This includes a carbon border adjustment and the Just Transition Fund, to invest in research, innovation and green technology.
Our Nature collection of organic coated steels offers exceptional technical advantages and is well placed to respond to present and future environmental regulations. Nspired by Nature, the range does not contain hexavalent chromium or heavy metals such as lead. (REACh compliance)
The range is especially designed for environmentally responsible construction and can help designers comply with sustainability legislation and guidance such as BREEAM in the UK, LEED in the USA, HQE in France and many others.
Read as an example the Environmental Product Declaration of Solano® Nature.
Estetic® Bio Air
The Estetic® product range, part of ArcelorMittal’s Nature collection, has been specifically developed for interior applications, meeting all requirements in terms of aesthetics, flexibility, surface hardness, coating adhesion and corrosion resistance.
Estetic® Bio Air, a breakthrough prepainted steel for interiors which contains no volatile organic compounds (VOCs), uses a completely organic biological resin to ensure the paint bonds well to the steel substrate. ArcelorMittal formed a government-funded consortium of leading paint suppliers, resin producers, solvent designers, and other experts to develop this plant-based paint coating, which has a Health Product Declaration of A+.
Magnelis® is an exceptional metallic coating which provides a breakthrough in corrosion protection and is the best choice for a wide variety of applications. Its application ensures the preservation of natural resources as it uses significantly less zinc than pure zinc coatings. Magnelis® also reduces zinc runoff* to soils. Magnelis® is 100% recyclable and does not contain any harmful elements. It is REACH compliant and an environmental product declaration (EPD) is available. The production of Magnelis® also has a lower environmental impact compared to other highly durable materials such as stainless steel or aluminium.
* the rate of dissolution of a material from its surface into the soil
These magnetic materials contribute to the creation of clean energy and environmentally friendly mobility solutions for a greener world. They are used in domestic appliances, building industry, mechanical engineering, electrical equipment, motors and generators including electric traction powertrains for automotive.
Our latest Fortiform® steels for cold stamping, and new grades in our iCARe®, MartINsite®, Usibor®, and Ductibor® ranges are enabling carmakers to creating lighter, stronger, and more environmentally friendly vehicles. S-in motion® helps carmakers identify solutions which can be implemented immediately to simplify their production processes and lightweight their vehicles.
Among ArcelorMittal sustainable solutions, HISTAR® grades allow, in comparison with conventional structural steels, to reduce weight and material costs and thus CO2 emissions of about 30% in steel columns and about 20% in beams. Large span composite flooring systems including slim-floor beams (CoSFB) or castellated beams like ACB and Angelina beams achieve also drastic impact reduction up to 50%.
Steel sheet piles can be reused several times in temporary applications, thus reducing the environmental impact each time the sheets are re-used. At the end of life, when they cannot be reused, 100% of the steel can be recycled.
Moreover, two business models catalyse the contribution of sheet piles to circular economy:
- short / medium term rental, optimising the use of the steel as well as their required investment
- sales and buy-back, giving the choice to a contractor to either keep the sheet piles, or to return them back to the manufacturer at a price negotiated before the sales
ZMevolution® provides superior corrosion protection and a lifespan up to three times longer than standard zinc coating. ZMevolution® pure zinc coatings cut the CO2 emissions generated from galvanising a kg of steel nearly in half. For a single production site, that’s the equivalent of 13,000 vehicles traveling 13,000 km per year on the road.